What Is Trekking The Basics of Trekking- Types, Gear and Safety

What Is Trekking? The Basics of Trekking- Types, Gear and Safety

Trekking is a recreational activity that people enjoy doing all over the world.

Trekking usually involves walking on rough terrain and can be done solo or as a group.

If you are thinking about going trekking for the first time, there are some basic things to know before you set out into the wild!

Trekking is an activity that people of all ages can enjoy. It’s a great way to explore the outdoors and get some exercise at the same time!

If you’re thinking about going trekking for the first time, this blog post will cover everything from equipment to safety tips.

This article will give you all the information you need before heading out on your next adventure.

You’ll learn what gear is necessary, how to stay safe, and more! So if you’re ready to go exploring with your friends or family, read on!

What is trekking and how does it work?

What is trekking

Trekking is a form of mountain climbing, though it does not necessarily involve scaling large mountains.

Most people think that trekking means walking across hills, but some treks can lead to up and down hill climbs on designated paths.

Trekkers walk at their own pace through the wilderness while camping along the way for one or multiple nights.

A trek usually includes a series of day hikes, carrying all your supplies with you. The duration for most treks range from a few hours to one or two weeks.

Trekking can be done solo or as a group, and it usually entails walking on some form of trail (like a trail hike) for an extended period of time.

It’s an activity that is typically done for enjoyment, exercise, or exploration.

Trekking is different from other types of hiking because you are not required to carry heavy backpacks to camp overnight.

There are also fewer restrictions when it comes to bringing food along with you––you can bring snacks from home so long as they will fit in your pockets!

Why you should try trekking?

Why you should try trekking_2

Trekking is a great way to explore nature and enjoy a new outdoor adventure.

It can be a great way to stay healthy by expending more energy than you would at home or workday activities.

You don’t have to hike 10 miles or even do anything strenuous – if you want a lot of fresh air, exercise, and sights/views you might not have seen before, you can go for a short trek.

Trekking is also an excellent way to meet new people and bond with friends or family members traveling with you.

However, it’s not always easy – especially if your group isn’t very experienced at hiking or camping/backpacking.

Even though everyone might be in good shape and in their 20s or 30s, you might still find it challenging to keep up with the group.

If this is your first time trekking, make sure to start slow and ease into it – don’t push yourself too hard because you will be exhausted before getting deep into nature!

Make sure everyone knows what they’re doing and make a plan to stick together, especially when it gets dark.

This is important because you might not see much in the dark and losing your friends will make the experience very unpleasant!

Types of treks

Types of treks_3

There are many types of treks that you can choose from, which means there are plenty of opportunities for you to explore. Here’s a quick look at the different types of treks you can do:

The term ‘trek’ is often used to refer to any long-distance walk, regardless of terrain or difficulty.

You will also hear people refer to it as ‘hiking’ or just plain ‘walking.’ A trek is considered low-level if it takes less than two days, medium if it takes anywhere from three to five days, and high-level if it takes more than six days.

Treks are graded on an ascending scale of difficulty.

Grade I means the path is on reasonably level ground or involves gentle gradients.

Grade II is more complex, while grade III is considered challenging, with steep ascents and descents on narrow paths that are often slippery when wet.

Solo Trekking or Group Trekking

Solo Trekking or Group Trekking

This activity can be enjoyed by anyone who’s up for a physical challenge, but it’s best to have a friend or two with you when going solo so that you’re not alone if anything happens.

If you enjoy having company, try inviting some friends along on your next trip!

If going solo isn’t your thing, you can always plan a group trekking activity with some friends! This is a great way to spend time outdoors and bond with the people in your life.

Solo Trekking

Solo Trekking_4

If you are going out for a solo trekking expedition, there are some extra precautions you need to take to stay safe.

Trek during daylight hours when possible and always carry a flashlight or headlamp with fresh batteries when venturing into the dark. [bring a map and compass, whistle, mirror for signalling…]

Tell someone exactly where you are going and make sure they know to contact the local authorities if they haven’t heard from you within a specific time frame (preferably longer than 24 hours).

Be aware of your surroundings. If at any time you feel uncomfortable with a situation, don’t be afraid to turn back.

Always be prepared for the unexpected and remember that there is an element of danger when going into the outdoors.

Group Trekking

Group Trekking_5

If you are going on a group trek, make sure everyone in your group is sufficiently prepared with all the gear they will need.

The group should have a plan in place if someone gets lost or injured along the way.

What if you get separated from your group? If it’s safe to do so, take a moment to stop and try to find where they are on the map. [stay calm, drink water etc.] Remember, you can always turn back and wait for them to catch up.

Organize your gear so that it’s easy to access when on the move.

Try not to split up while out in nature: If you get separated, try marking where you started and where you want to go on the map.

Using a compass, you can try to navigate back to where you started if need be.

Keep an eye out for other people in the vicinity. The last thing you want is someone else heading towards the same natural hazard as your group!

Weather conditions can change quickly, so it’s always important to check the forecast before heading out.

Trekking Gears

Trekking Gears_6

There are many things you need to take on a hike, but trekking gear is the most important.

Trekking gear is not cheap, but it’s worth it – you can reuse the gear for a long time. Some things to bring:


  1. A backpack
  2. A water carrier with 2 liters of water
  3. Trekking poles for your hands and feet
  4. Small torch or Head Lamp
  5. Sun-glasses
  6. Sleeping bag


  1. Warm jacket
  2. Proper hiking boots
  3. Hat, pair of gloves and scarf
  4. Thermal underwear (Men/Women)
  5. Pair of warm wool-blend socks
  6. Pair of running socks or liner socks
  7. Comfortable hiking trousers (loose fitting)
  8. Running shoes and flip-flops


  1. light weight and quick drying towel
  2. Sunscreen
  3. First aid kid
  4. Camera, battery etc
  5. Insect repellants
  6. Binoculars
  7. Pocket knife
  8. Toiletries
  9. Toilet paper


Trekking Backpack

One of the essential things you will need for trekking in the outdoors is a backpack.

The pack should be big enough to hold all of your gear and clothing, and it should also be in good condition.

You may want to consider one that has an insulation layer, which is very useful for hikes with unpredictable weather conditions or during winter.

Other important features to look for when choosing a backpack include:

The amount of back support – How much weight is supported by the straps, harnesses, and waist belt – Is the pack designed specifically for your body type -How does it sit on your shoulders and hips?

5 Best Backpack for Trekking

  1. Lightweight: Venture Pal 40L
  2. High-Performance: TETON Sports Explorer 4000
  3. Best for Women: Granite Gear Blaze 60L Backpack
  4. Best for Men: Deuter Aircontact Lite
  5. Best Overall: Osprey Aether AG 60

Trekking Poles

Trekking Poles

Trekking poles are an essential part of any hike! They help save your knees, make you more secure on rocky terrain, and make it easier to go uphill.

Trekking poles can also be used with slippery or uncertain footing to provide balance, stability, and extra safety.

Trekking poles (also called hiking sticks) use a feature called the “shock cord”.

These stretchable cords come in handy because they can be used for many different purposes.

The shock cord can be utilized to help lock trekking poles together at the desired length and, if you’re out and about and encounter an obstacle (or fall), the shock cord will help cushion your fall.

5 Best Trekking Poles

  1. Best Lightweight & Adjustable: TrailBuddy Lightweight Trekking Poles
  2. Ultra Strong Trekking Pole: Montem Ultra Strong Trekking Poles
  3. Best For Women: LEKI Micro Vario
  4. Best for Men: Black Diamond Alpine Carbon Cork
  5. Best Overall: Cascade Mountain Tech Trekking Poles

Trekking Boots

Trekking Boots

When you’re going trekking, it’s important to have the right boots.

It doesn’t matter if you’re just out for a short walk or going on a long hike; your feet will thank you if you have some good trekking boots on!

Trekking boots are usually made from stiff leather and can be waterproofed.

The soles are often made of rubber, making them sturdy and durable to protect against any rocks or branches in the path.

Best Trekking Boots

  1. Best for Men: Salomon Quest 4 Gore-Tex
  2. Best for Women: Salomon Women’s Quest

Common misconceptions about Trekking

Misconceptions about Trekking

One of the most common misconceptions about trekking is that it is a sport.

This isn’t true at all!

Trekking is more of a pastime for many people who do not have the time nor the resources to pursue different hobbies like sports.

Another misconception about trekking is that it can only be done outside and in nature.

While most treks do happen in natural settings, there are many indoor trek types too. The company Escape Games offers an example.

Last but not least is the misconception that people with disabilities cannot participate in trekking activities.

This is not true at all! Some of the best treks involve rugged terrains such as cliffs or even waterfalls. There are, however, options for disabled people to take part in these activities.

Tips for staying safe while trekking

Tips for staying safe while trekking

  • Have a buddy system

You or someone you designate as your “buddy” should be aware of where you are at all times by either staying with you or following alongside.

The buddy system is not exclusive to the person embarking on the journey alone, but also applies to those joining someone else on their trek as well as those undertaking a challenging mountaineering expedition.

  • Bring a map and compass for navigating the terrain
  • Wear weather appropriate clothing, including gloves and sunscreen
  • Make sure you have enough food to last at least three days in case you get lost
  • Be aware of any wildlife in the area, especially bears!
  • Always be aware of your surroundings – if there are any signs that something is wrong, turn around immediately
  • Stay on marked trails so that you don’t get lost or hurt yourself
  • Bring Extra Water

You should bring enough water for everyone in your group and extra clothes and shoes.

  • Bring an Emergency Kit

Keep medicines and supplies such as ibuprofen, sunscreen, lip balm and band aids in it. It’s best to have one backpack for this kit.

Final Thoughts

We hope that whether it is your goal to solo or group trek, our tips will help keep you safe and ready for any adventure on foot.

If this guide was helpful or not, let us know! We love hearing feedback from our readers, so follow us on Instagram and Facebook for more useful content like this and don’t forget to subscribe our newsletter.